Chalkidiki is a peninsula and regional unit of Greece, part of the Region of Central Macedonia in Northern Greece.
Halkidiki features in many Greek myths and has been populated since 4.000 BC.
It is a lush corner of Greece, a popular summer tourist destination with many tourist settlements, lovely beaches, scenic mountainous villages and a virgin beauty. It’s the place where tradition meets the steps of Aristotle and the gold bearing subsoil. The capital of Chalkidiki is the main town of Polygyros, located in the centre of the peninsula.
The third peninsula is where Athos peninsula meets the entrance of Mount Athos, an important centre of Eastern Orthodox monasticism. It is governed as an autonomous polity within the Greek Republic. Mount Athos is home to 20 monasteries under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople and since 1988 it has been considered a Unesco world heritage site.
Many are the landmarks in the area and almost all cities are built on ancient settlements. What to mention first?
- The Canal of Xerxes , the largest technical project that took place in Halkidiki during the ancient era?
- The ancient city of Stagira, the birthplace of the philosopher Aristotle?
- Varvara’s waterfalls –a place of calmness and serenity?
- Holomontas mountain, an area of extraordinary beauty and amazing views?
- The mountainous picturesque village of Arnaia, the starting point to make a hike to the 5th century AD ruins of the castle – Neposi, or where you can stroll the old cobblestone streets and alleys looking at the old Macedonian houses?
- Akranthos, the colony of the city of Andros, which was built around 650 BC, one of the biggest and wealthiest colonies in Halkidiki and the most powerful harbour of the region, with its own monetary unit?
For more information on Halkidiki and the 3rd peninsula, see below: